Montenegro Travel Guide

The name of the country Monte and Negro are both Latin origin words. The original name of the country is Crna Gora which can be translated as black mountain. Monte means mountain and negro means black so basically the name of the country means Black Mountain in English. Mount Lovcen with its dense evergreen forests that seemed dark and black from a distance, was the reason for the country to be called Montenegro.

Montenegro is a small European country with 13,452 km2 land and 360 km2 water. It is by the Adriatic Sea in the south-east of Europe surrounded by Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania. There’s the Adriatic Sea between Montenegro and Italy.

Montenegro was born in 2006 as the youngest child of former Yugoslavia. With a referendum held on 21st May 2006, Montenegro declared independence and became an independent country on 3rd June 2006.

Montenegro is a very centrally located country which is just an hour away from Rome, 1,5 hours away from Istanbul, Vienna and Paris, 2 hours from Berlin, 3 hours from Amsterdam and London by plane. There are direct flights from almost all around European cities to Podgorica Airport and Tivat Airport in Montenegro as well as to Dubrovnik Airport, although in Croatia, it is just an hour away from most popular Montenegro coastal cities.

The currency used in Montenegro is Euro. Accession of the country to European Union is expected to be very soon in the near future.

Podgorica is the capital of Montenegro. It is located 49 metres above the sea level in the heart of Montenegro.  The city is surrounded by Zeta, Moraca, Sitnica, Cijevna and Ribnica Rivers. It was known as Titograd between 1946 and 1992. Since 1326 the name Podgorica was used for this city. It was taken by the Ottomans, Austrians, Italians and Germans over the years and unfortunately destroyed during the II. World War by more than 70 bombings. The historical monuments that could survive after the destruction were the 18th century Ottoman clock tower, a mosque, some houses in the old town Stara Varos and Dajbabe Monastery. Podgorica has one of the international airports of Montenegro. For the hikers and nature lovers Podgorica has a National Park and Skadar Lake.

Other major cities in Montenegro are Niksic, Pljevlja, Bijelo Polje and Cetinje when the population is taken into consideration.

The popular and worth visiting cities in Montenegro are Bar, Herceg Novi, Budva, Ulcinj, Tivat, Perast and Kotor.

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