After the disastrous 1979 earthquake in the area, with the awakening of the Assembly of the community of Kotor, the area of 2600 hectares of sea and 12.000 land on Kotor - Risan Bay became a candidate to register in UNESCO list of the world’s natural and cultural heritage and Kotor itself became a candidate for the world’s endangered cultural heritage and was registered in 1979 by the Committee of the World Heritage of UNESCO at the session held in Cairo and Luxor between 22nd and 26th October.
According to the Greek fairy Alkima, the inhabitants were advised to settle by the sea, quoted “The sea shore should be your dwelling, because there is no life for you without the sea. There is no port for a ship on the mount, neither a horse can play there.” Therefore the fairy is known to be the reason of the town being built on today’s site.
Kotor is a triangle town which is formed by the river Gurdic in the south and the river Skurda in the north and the sea in the west. The length of the sea shore is 671 metres. On the northern part of the shore there is the 7 metre high monument lighthouse. On the column of the lighthouse there are the important dates of Boka maritime history including the earthquake in 1979.
The city walls of the Kotor town are well preserved which have the length of 4.5 km / 2.8 miles and the width of 2 to 15 metres / 6 to 49 feet and the height of up to 20 metres / 65 feet.
The 1350 serpentine shaped stairs, which are 1200 metre in length goes up to the church of Gospa od Zdravlja (Our Lady of Health) at the 110th metre attitude and the Tower of Sveti Ivan at the 260th metre attitude.
There are three gates at the Kotor town, western Gate of the sea is the largest one, northern gate and the southern gate which has triple gates within as the interior one dating back to 16th century, the central one dating back to 12th and 13th century and the outside one dating back to 18th century.