The surface area of Lake Skadar changes from 340 m2 to 530 m2 seasonally. The length of the coast is 168 km, 110.5 km of it is within the borders of Montenegro and 57.5 km of it is in Albania. It is the largest lake in the Balkans. The shape of the lake resembles a dolphin. Assuming it like a dolphin, the tail and 2/3 of the dolphin’s body is in Montenegro. The rest of the body and its nose is in Albania. Moraca river and some underwater karstic springs feed the lake. It is drained into Adriatic Sea by Bojana River.
Lake Skadar is a must to see during your visit in Montenegro. The lake and the national park is nominated for UNESCO World Heritage. It is in the Ramsar Convention’s List of Wetlands of International Importance.
It is possible to go to Lake Skadar by train from Podgorica and Bar. The train station is in the village Virpazar by the lake. However if you rent a car, you can be more flexible and see more places like Virpazar, Vranjina and Rijeka Crnojevica which are the main towns around the lake.
Virpazar has loads to offer like restaurants, hotels and activities. There is Wine and Bleak Festival held in Virpazar every year. During the festival it is possible to taste the award-winning wines from Crmnicki region. On the road from Virpazar to Murici, there is the 15th century Besac Fortress which was built by the Ottomans in the 15th century. Italians used the fortress as a prison during the II. World War.
Rijeka Crnojevica is the name of both a river and the name of the small village which is situated around an arched limestone bridge built by Prince Danilo in 1853. There are also a few restaurants in this village.
The area of the lake is a protected national park since 1983. For being the biggest lake in the Balkans, it is also the biggest national park in Montenegro. It is a biotope for many animals as well as a home for more than 250 species of birds therefore it is an ideal location for bird watching.
Apart from bird watching, there are lots of activities in and around the Lake Skadar. Kayaking is an enjoyable option to see the villages around the lake, the fortress ruins and the monasteries.
Surrounding the lake, there are mountains with several hiking trails with fascinating view of the lake where you can go for hiking.
Cycling along the lake shore could be an option rather than driving along it for the bike lovers.
It is possible to swim in the Lake Skadar. There are some beaches around the lake like Murice Beach which is the only sandy beach by the lake and Pjesacac Beach which is a small beach that is accessible by boat.
Taking a lake cruise in Skadar Lake is another option to tour on the lake.